Below you will find out the highs, lows & trends of the British Pound to US Dollar rate, why you should be wary of forecasts, and how to achieve a better rate.
Highest GBP to USD rate ever
The Pound to Dollar rate reached a high of $2.649 on 6th Mar 1972. That remains the strongest the Pound has been against USD since it freely floated in 1971.
Prior to the 1970s, the Pound to Dollar rate was fixed at a level set by the British government.
For much of the 1800s and early 1900s, the rate was maintained at around $5 for every £1.
In 1940, the British government devalued the Pound to around $4 for every £1. Two further devaluations occurred in the 1960s before the Pound became a freely floating currency in 1971.
Lowest GBP to USD rate ever
The Pound to Dollar rate reached an all-time low of $1.054 on 25th Feb 1985. The fall in the rate was more a function of US Dollar strength than British Pound weakness.
A doubling in the oil price led to high inflation in the 1980s. To combat inflation, the US Federal Reserve raised interest rates above 20%. This led to huge international capital inflows into the US and a surge in the value of the Dollar.
Is GBP stronger than USD?
In nominal terms, £1 is worth more than $1. So at face value, the British Pound is stronger than the US Dollar.
However, the value of one currency compared to another is not a true indicator of strength, wealth or power.
A better way to measure a currency's strength is through its relative movement over time.
Over the past 50 years, the Pound has halved in value against the US Dollar.
How did Brexit affect GBP to USD?
The British Pound fell 13% against the US Dollar in the two weeks following the Brexit referendum. The Pound fell in value as Brexit created uncertainty for trade, emigration and the legal system going forward.
How did Coronavirus impact GBP to USD?
The GBP to USD exchange rate fell 12% within the space of two weeks in March 2020. Investors sold the Pound in favour of the perceived safety of the US Dollar.
Why GBP to USD exchange rates are often ‘fake’?
We all know it’s easy to get a GBP to USD exchange rate off the internet these days.
There are also dozens of websites such as XE, FX Street, Oanda and Daily FX, that provide live exchange rates, charts and news.
Even Google will automatically show you a rate.
When it comes to exchanging your money in the real world, customers are often being misled. That's because the exchange rates you see online are often not genuine customer rates.
What you are seeing online is something called 'interbank rates'.
Interbank rates are used by the banks to exchange currencies between themselves.
They are not rates that a customer can actually achieve.
Even large companies and currency brokers, who trade huge volumes of currencies everyday, don't trade at interbank rates.
In the retail sector, companies can't display fake prices. But when it comes to exchange rates, the bulk of websites are not displaying real rates.
My point is if you are looking to convert your Pounds into US Dollars, it's best to request a quote from a bank or currency broker.
That way, you can budget effectively.
GBP to USD chart (last 50 years explained)
GBP to USD history in a nutshell
- You can see the extreme highs the GBP to USD rate reached in the early 1970s.
- By the mid-1980s, the GBP to USD rate fell to all-time lows.
- Overall, the trend in the GBP/USD rate has been down over the last 50 years. The rate has effectively halved in value.
- Volatility is less extreme today than it was in the 1970s and 1980s.
- Most of the big moves you can see above were triggered by major events.
- There's usually at least one 'major event' per decade.
- The major events have varied from wars, natural disasters, financial or political crises, and more recently, Coronavirus.
Can you trust GBP to USD forecasts? (Hint: No)
Let's be honest; we all want to know what the future holds.
It's human nature.
When it comes to exchange rates, it's no different.
We don't want to exchange our money at the wrong time, because a bad exchange rate could cost you a lot of money.
But a word of warning: just because you find a forecast on the internet, it doesn’t mean it can be trusted.
I work in the industry, and I can tell you that in most instances, the exchange rate forecasts I have found online are a load of rubbish.
Don't be fooled by baffling terminology or complicated jargon.
A forecast is always just one person's opinion.
And you can always find an expert to argue either side.
If something really was unanimously agreed upon or presently known, it would already be embedded in today's exchange rate.
It is only unknown events that will move the GBP to USD rate.
And who can honestly predict unknown events with any sort of reliability or consistency?
If someone could, they wouldn't be talking about it on TV or writing an online blog. They would make billions trading currencies.
I wouldn’t rely on any financial clairvoyant – especially if they're hiding behind fancy technical terms.
There are, of course, trends and price patterns in all financial markets.
These can be turned to your advantage.
But forecasts are a blind alley.
Getting the best GBP to USD rate
While I’m not a fan of forecasts, I still think it’s important to keep a close eye on exchange rates.
You’ve seen from the GBP to USD chart above that exchange rates can have large swings.
These swings can make a big difference when you're exchanging money.
Even on a daily basis, the movements represent opportunities for buyers and sellers.
No matter what your timeframe – a day, a week, a month or a year – there will always be underlying trends, periods of stability and inflection (turning) points.
As a currency broker, we work with our clients to achieve a more favourable exchange rate.
I know it's not possible for most people to watch the rate all day.
And as many people are unfamiliar with foreign exchange, they're not sure what they're looking for.
One advantage of speaking to a currency broker is that they can monitor the rate for you.
It could be a case of simply letting you know when the GBP to USD rate moves in your favour.
That alone can be very useful.
Or you might be aiming for a specific rate or have a certain amount of money you need.
Unless you are prepared to watch exchange rate frequently, it would be very easy to miss the best opportunities.
Most people have neither the time nor the inclination.
A currency broker watches the exchange rates continuously as part of their job.
Sometimes a single piece of news, like the latest Budget or Presidential tweet, can trigger a large move.
I should point out that this is not a standard service you should expect.
Banks certainly won't give you any guidance on exchange rates.
It's not their area of expertise.
They will facilitate your transfer, and that's about it.
Even within the money transfer industry, most companies are just online-only platforms or apps.
They give you a login to a platform, quote you a rate, and leave you to do the rest.
That suits some people, but not everyone.
I know from experience, many people are not comfortable using an app or online system.
It's also more prone to error.
Setting up the beneficiary details is one area that you can make mistakes if you're not used to international payments.
It can be costly and time-consuming to correct.
If it were me, I would gladly accept some free assistance.
Bear in mind, the larger your transfer, the more timing and costs matter.
Even small, fractional moves in the GBP to USD rate can have a big impact on the money you receive.
On a money transfer of say £70,000, if the rate moved against you by just 1.5% rate, it would cost you an extra £1,125.
Swings of that size can happen in a day.
By understanding your individual requirements, we can work with you to achieve a better rate, rather than using a bank or online platform and having to accept whatever rate they give you on the day.
Who are we?
Key Currency is one of the UK’s leading currency brokers.
As an independent currency specialist, we have far lower overheads than the banks, enabling us to pass on the savings to you.
The cost of our money transfer service is included within the exchange rate we quote you. There are no additional fees or charges whatsoever.
And unlike banks and online-only systems, we don’t make you do everything yourself.
All our customers are allocated an account manager (yes - a real person) who can offer guidance on rates, assist you with your transfer and answer any questions you may have.
It makes the whole process a lot smoother and less stressful for our customers.
We have attained a 5-star “Excellent” rating on the customer review website Trustpilot; the highest rating available.
Protection and security of funds is our top priority. Key Currency is an FCA regulated Authorised Payment Institution (No. 753989), and as such, all money transfers are conducted through safeguarded client accounts.
If you would like to compare our rates to your bank or existing provider, please request a quote below.